The April, 2016 (A)narchaeology meeting was funded by the Wenner-Gren and hosted by the Amerind Museum in Tucson, Arizona. Unfortunately, several individuals were unable to attend for various reasons, and additional participants were added to the group in the weeks prior to our meeting. We will update this list as we receive new information.
Participants in Attendance:
Bill Angelbeck, Douglas College, Instructor. Angelbeck studies the histories of Salishan peoples of the Northwest Coast and Interior through archaeology, ethnography, ethnohistory, and oral traditions. In his research, he examines sociopolitical tensions over time between centralizing and decentralizing tendencies and how these manifest as patterns in the archaeological record. In this workshop, he will focus on anarchism as a critical theory for evaluating archaeological histories, as it curbs ethnocentric tendencies that archaeologists often apply when interpreting anarchic societies in the past.
James Birmingham, Independent Scholar. Birmingham is a four-field anthropologist with a special interest in material culture and anarchist philosophy. Drawing from anarchic activism, with a focus on leveraging digital and internet resources to destabilize modern power structures, Birmingham will offer a critical voice to the workshop.
Lewis Borck, University of Arizona, PhD candidate. United States. Anthropology/Archaeology Borck studies social movements and resistance in the archaeological record of the American Southwest. Within this workshop, Borck will reexamine theories of social organization and historical change from an anarchist perspective to pull out periods of successful resistance and persistence that have previously been labeled as simple “transitions,” “reorganizations,” or even “collapse.”
Carole L. Crumley, Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE), Uppsala University, Sweden, Executive Director. Historical Ecology/Archaeology. Crumley focuses on the archaeology of Europe (especially France), where she studies long-term landscape change. Long active in international global change programs, her contribution to the workshop will revolve around complex dynamic systems in the social sciences, historical ecology, climate history, social inequality, social memory, and the future of the past.
James L. Flexner, University of Sydney, Lecturer. Australia. Anthropology/Archaeology. Flexner specializes in the techniques of historical archaeology and landscape archaeology, and offers a comparative approach exploring the cultural processes shaping interactions between hierarchical “state” societies, and anti-hierarchical or “non-state” societies shows how colonial ideologies continue to shape beliefs about the nature of the state and “anarchy.” Within this workshop, Flexner will argue that archaeology can provide an important counterpoint to traditional colonial narratives, especially where states and non-states interacted directly.
Edward González-Tennant, University of Florida, Courtesy Faculty, United States. Anthropology/Historical Archaeology. González-Tennant is a historical archaeologist exploring African Diaspora heritage by examining chapters of the past which have been forgotten or intentionally erased. He has published extensively on collaborative archaeology and the archaeology of racism. His focus within this workshop will be in the intersection between Anarchic theory, pedagogy, and the creation of more inclusive collaborative research.
Edward R. Henry, Ph.D. Candidate; Department of Anthropology, Washington University. Henry examines major shifts in the organization of social, economic, and political institutions among small-scale societies. Amidst these changes in the past, Henry is interested in the fluidity of leadership, followership, and degrees of inequality. The nature of typological classifications in archaeology are often problematic with these situations in the past. For this workshop Henry will consider the benefits of implementing anarchist perspectives on socio-political organization and the philosophy of science to better understand how small-scale societies can engage in or reject situations of inequality and complexity.
Theresa Kintz, Independent Scholar. Kintz is an anthropologist and activist who has written about the profession of field archaeology and eco-anarchist movement as a participant observer. Her contribution to the workshop will be about the politics of archaeology and the appropriation of anthropological and archaeological data and theory by radical environmentalists.
Uzma Z. Rizvi, Pratt Institute of Art and Design, Associate Professor. Rizvi’s research focuses on decolonizing archaeology, ancient urbanism, critical heritage studies, memory and war/trauma studies and the postcolonial critique. A primary focus of her work contends with archaeological epistemologies and methodologies, and she has argued for changing practice based on decolonized principles, and community based practice. Rizvi specializes in studying third millennium BCE communities in South Asia, the Middle East, and the UAE. For this workshop she will be tracing the relationships between community based practices, decolonizing archaeology, and anarchic pragmatics in archaeological practice.
Matthew C. Sanger, Binghamton University, Assistant Professor. Sanger studies the emergence of complex social formations within Late Archaic hunter-gatherer groups living along the coastline of the Southeast United States. Within this workshop, he will focus on how Native American ontologies are best understood in terms of power structures that included non-humans as agentive actors. Such systems could effectively combat incipient elitism and resonate with many Anarchist theories of self-governance and decentralized authority within the human world.
The following individuals were originally scheduled to attend the Amerind meetings, but were unable to for various reasons.
Oliver Creighton, University of Exeter, Professor. United Kingdom. Historical Archaeology. Creighton is a historical archaeologist whose current project is researching the civil war in England during the mid-12th century AD known as “the Anarchy.” This work is re-assessing the full range of archaeological evidence, including conflict landscapes, castles and siege-works, and material culture, to assess the realities and impacts of “the Anarchy” on society and landscape.
Severin Fowles, Barnard College, Columbia University, Associate Professor. United States. Anthropology/Archaeology. Fowles specializes on the archaeology, history, and ethnography of the American Southwest. Inspired by the writings of Clastres, Deleuze and Guattari, his current research focuses on the history of Comanche power and counterpower in the Southwest during the 18th century. His contribution to the workshop will center on a critical reevaluation of the role of violence in non-state societies.
Colleen Morgan, University of York, Marie Curie Research Postdoctoral Fellow. Morgan conducts research on digital media and archaeology, with a special focus on embodiment, avatars, genetics and bioarchaeology. Through archaeological making she explores past lifeways and our current understanding of heritage, especially regarding issues of authority, authenticity, and identity. Her contribution to the workshop will focus on the representation of past peoples and the contributions of archaeology to current political understandings of anarchism.
Charles Orser, Vanderbilt University, Research Professor. Using ideas presented by Polish philosopher of science Lezsek Nowak, Orser explores self-liberation at two archaeological sites: the seventeenth-century maroon community of Palmares in northeast Brazil, and a nineteenth-century tenant-farming community in central Ireland called Ballykilcline. Studies of the two sites, unique in historical and cultural ways, demonstrate similarities in the general structure of how the residents of both communities struggled against, and for a time, defeated the relevant power structures. Within this workshop, Orser focuses on how hierarchical, and inherently domineering capitalist often create spaces for self-actualization, which are often transitory and short-lived, yet allow for a degree of class-based self-liberation.
David Wengrow, University College London, Professor. Wengrow is an author of numerous articles and books on Old World state formation, including The Archaeology of Early Egypt and What Makes Civilisation. Within the scope of the workshop he will discuss his most recent work on the origins of social inequality, in collaboration with the anthropologist David Graeber, including new perspectives on the relationship between seasonality and political consciousness among prehistoric hunter-gatherers, and evidence for early experiments in urban egalitarianism in the archaeological record of Bronze Age Eurasia